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Oil companies pay a significant amount of taxes to the state of North Dakota. Nearly $400 million was paid to the state just in oil and gas production taxes in fiscal year 2008. The North Dakota Legislature determines how those funds are distributed. In addition, for access roads to wells that are not state, county, or township roads, the oil companies are completely responsible for all building and maintenance.
The State Treasure has recently made some improvements in the payment distribution system and the revenues are now paid monthly instead of quarterly which has been a significant benefit to those entities
Infrastructure typically lags oil and gas production, since industry generally needs to validate the discovery and determine what size and scope of pipelines, gas plants, and other facilities are going to be needed in order to meet the demand. In addition, oil companies are fierce competitors and don’t usually work together until absolutely necessary to get the infrastructure in-place. Usually the pipeline and other infrastructure is owned by companies who specialize in those areas and it simply takes time to put together the projects and commitments to offset the capital risks.
The Oil Impact Fund is a special fund that is managed by the State Land Department. The Fund receives up to six million dollars per biennium to address impact in oil and gas producing areas.
The legislature has created the North Dakota Pipeline Authority. The Pipeline Authority has published reports on oil, natural gas, refinery and refined product infrastructure and has provided support for expansion of the Enbridge and Belle Fourche pipelines as well as construction of the Keystone pipeline.